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No more than 50 percent of the credits required for graduation from Virginia Tech may be transferred from two-year colleges. You must complete 30 credits in residence at Virginia Tech to earn your bachelor's degree. Transfer Agreements:. Find us on:. By using CBPR methods, public health nurses can apply and enhance these competencies.
Analytic assessment skills represent an important domain of PHN competencies utilized when applying community participatory health promotion strategies Quad Council, Public health nurses should develop analytic assessment skills to pursue health promotion and prevention in partnership with communities facing complex challenges.
For example, when Andrews et al. Therefore, they were able to reveal multi-level factors related to smoking patterns of that community by partnering with community insiders, which provided a foundation for developing effective smoking cessation interventions. Public health nurses can improve their cultural competence through the use of participatory practices with diverse communities.
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Public health nurses can improve their cultural competence through the use of participatory practices with diverse communities Marcus et al. Listed here are several examples of research supporting acquisition of cultural competence skills using a community participatory approach:. Program planning skills are used in community participation approaches to optimize community health promotion and disease prevention by public health nurses Quad Council, In program planning for community health promotion and prevention, PHNs can plan evidence-based programs by using in-depth analytic assessment skills, and can implement programs more effectively by utilizing collaborations and partnerships gained from the CBPR method Andrews et al.
Public health nurses can develop sustainable programs and build community capacity for health promotion by taking into account the ecological context of the community from an ethnographic assessment. Public health nurses can develop sustainable programs and build community capacity for health promotion by taking into account the ecological context of the community from an ethnographic assessment Andrews et al.
Perry and Hoffman demonstrated how PHNs can incorporate findings from their assessment into program development by having lively discussions and distributing information to develop the tailored program in the community. PHNs strategically utilized these partnerships to design and implement the program.
These CBPR strategies were also utilized successfully to develop effective prevention and intervention programs including both primary and secondary prevention programs for cardiovascular disease prevention Fletcher et al. Community dimensions of practice skills focus on communication, collaboration, and linkages between public health nurses and the many stakeholders in a community Quad Council, PHNs can develop these skills by building community capacity and engaging community members and partners to design more effective, sustainable health-promoting programs.
Public health nurses are able to gain these skills by creating collaborative partnerships with community leaders and stakeholders and identifying resources and solutions to problems through the CBPR method Fletcher et al. Ultimately, PHNs can develop these skills by building community capacity and engaging community members and partners to design more effective, sustainable health-promoting programs. Again, there are examples of research that used a community participatory approach to foster these community practice skills.
Andrews et al. In another study, PHNs built partnerships with community stakeholders Hassouneh et al.
As shown in these examples, public health nurses can use CBPR to enhance partnerships and empower community members as participants by including them in the decision-making processes of assessment and program planning Andrews et al. The important skills of analytic assessment, cultural competence, program planning, and community dimensions of practice are critical for pursuing community health promotion goals as public health nurses become more widely involved in community participatory approaches.
Other important competencies for the health promotion role are required for public health nurses, including communication; financial planning and management; leadership and systems thinking; policy development ; and public health science Quad Council, Public health nurses can further develop these skills by continuing to engage in community participatory practices. For example, PHN practice utilizes public health science knowledge, competencies, and skills by partnering with public health educators and researchers to develop evidence-based prevention interventions programs and thus contribute to nursing science.
Community initiatives by PHNs can contribute to the development of policies based on in-depth evidence, assist community health advocates, and lead to improved long term outcomes Fletcher et al. Public health nursing practice at the generalist and advanced or specialist level is competency based. PHN core competencies include knowledge and skills derived from the core public health workforce competencies, which were developed by the Council on Linkages COL Council on Linkages, These core competencies are necessary to implement community participatory health promoting roles.
These national initiatives provide new opportunities for emerging roles in PHN focused on community health promotion and prevention practices. The community participation and ethnographic model includes important long-standing PHN processes, as well as innovative strategies that public health nurses can utilize in community assessment and prevention program development. Using PHN core competencies Quad Council, and guided by the community participation and ethnographic model, public health nurses can empower communities and populations to become more involved in community health promotion and prevention.
This empowerment can reduce health threats and increase health equity. As the roles of public health nurses as advocates, collaborators, educators, partners, policy-makers, and researchers evolve in the area of community health promotion and prevention, greater emphasis on community participatory and ethnographic approaches in PHN education will provide benefits to students at the generalist and advanced practice levels Zandee et al.
Moreover, basic and advanced public health nursing practice roles, which emphasize inter-professional collaboration, community participatory strategies, and the importance of local knowledge to address community health problems, will continue to contribute to improved community and population health outcomes. Kulbok is the principal investigator of an inter-professional, cross-institution, community-based participatory research project funded by the Virginia Foundation for Healthy Youth to design a substance use prevention program with youth, parents, and community leaders in a rural tobacco-growing county.
She earned her doctorate at Boston University and did postdoctoral work in psychiatric epidemiology at Washington University in St.
Her planned doctoral research is to examine the community food environment in an economically disadvantaged rural Appalachian area, to identify influences on food choices that may lead to obesity and other health conditions. Thatcher previously worked as a public health nurse in a local health department, as a care coordinator in a primary care practice, as an inpatient nurse in a hospital, and as a rural outreach nurse to Hispanic migrant farmworkers. As a BSN student, Ms. Thatcher was a founding member of Nursing Students Without Borders, an organization that connects nursing students to international communities.
She is working with in a community based participatory research team to design a youth substance use prevention program in a rural county. Peggy S. Meszaros, PhD. E-mail: meszaros vt. Meszaros is the William E.
During more than 30 years of work in higher education, her research interests have focused on positive youth development, technology impacts, human ecological, family, and gender issues. She has published over 90 scholarly articles, 3 books, numerous book chapters and received over six million dollars in external research grants. Agar , M. Ethnography and the addict. In Nadar, L. Cultural Illness and Health. Speaking of ethnography.
Public health nursing: Scope and standards of practice. Anderson , E. Community as partner: Theory and practice in nursing 6th ed.
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Anderson , N. Community-based approaches to strengthen cultural competency in nursing education and practice. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18 1-S , 49ss. Andrews , J. Using community-based participatory research to develop a culturally sensitive smoking cessation intervention with public housing neighborhoods.
Ethnicity and Disease, 17 2 , Aronson , R. Ethnographically informed community evaluation: A framework and approach for evaluating community-based initiatives.
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Maternal Child Health Journal, 11 2 , Neighborhood mapping and evaluation: A methodology for participatory community health initiatives. Maternal Child Health Journal , 11 4 , — Association of Community Health Nursing Educators Latham, NY: Author. Blake , B. Geographical mapping of unmarried teen births and selected sociodemographic variables.
Public Health Nursing , 18 1 , Brainard , A. The Evolution of public health nursing. New York: Garland. Buhler-Wilkerson , K. False dawn: The rise and decline of public health nursing, Castleden , H. Modifying photovoice for community-based participatory Indigenous research. Social Science and Medicine, 66 6 , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tobacco control state highlights, Atlanta: U.
Core competencies for public health professionals. Retrieved from www.
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Cravey , A. Developing socio-spatial knowledge networks: a qualitative methodology for chronic disease prevention. Social Science Medicine, 52 12 , Executive Order Establishing the national prevention, health promotion, and public health council. Retrieved www.
Fitzpatrick , M. The national organization for public health nursing, — development of a practice field. New York: National League for Nursing. Fletcher , B. Global cardiovascular disease prevention: A call to action for nursing community-based and public health prevention initiatives. Gesler , W.
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