The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body. The third paragraph of the body should contain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper.
This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph. This paragraph should include the following:. A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writing an essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills. It is used here with his permission. Conclusion: Concluding paragraph: This paragraph should include the following: an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph, a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that "echoes" the original language.
The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement. This final statement may be a "call to action" in an persuasive paper. A Sample Paper 1 Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary , stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader's attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence.
Although conventions about the length of paragraphs vary from one form of writing to another, most style guides recommend adapting paragraph length to your medium , subject, and audience. Ultimately, paragraphing should be determined by the rhetorical situation. Dividing up your writing into paragraphs shows that you are organized, and makes an essay easier to read. When we read an essay we want to see how the argument is progressing from one point to the next. This makes them look less reader-friendly, so it is important to use paragraphs regularly, to break up the mass of words and to signal the making of a new point.
An unparagraphed page gives the reader the feeling of hacking away through a thick jungle without a track in sight—not very enjoyable and very hard work. A neat series of paragraphs acts like stepping stones that can be followed pleasurably across the river. Pascal Press, When writers try to do too much in a single paragraph, they often lose the focus and lose contact with the larger purpose or point that got them into the paragraph in the first place.
Remember that old high school rule about one idea to a paragraph? The reader might come away with the opinion that Tamara really was bad for Jeremy, that Jeremy was being influenced by Jen, or that he was frustrated with what she was saying. However, it is not known, as written in first person, that he is clear on Jen's intentions. If Jeremy being aware of Jen's intentions is essential information that the reader must know, first person would not work in this case.
If you write in first person, make sure that your character is not only interesting enough to carry it through but also that you can adequately convey all thoughts, feelings, perspectives, and scenes enough to tell the complete story. If you need to show other points of view to tell the story effectively, then you might want to avoid using first person and, instead, choose one of the other two.
Professional writers know how to use point of view to effectively tell a story and which point of view to use, as well as when to use it. The omniscient point of view can be considered the direct opposite of first person. While first person is written from a character's perspective and allows the reader inside that character's head, omniscient is not written from inside anyone's head or thoughts.
In the omniscient point of view, the narrator can report whatever the writer knows, sees, or chooses to show. However, because the narrator only sees the scenes as they unfold, the intimacy that exists with first person cannot be portrayed with omniscient. You cannot, while writing in the omniscient point of view, show any thoughts -- or otherwise unseen events -- in your scenes. The perspective is greater, but the insight is much less. An example of the omniscient point of view can be seen below.
#5 Narrative Essays, or “One Night I Fell to Thinking of the Past…”
Melissa sat down under the old oak tree, stretching her long legs in front of her. She looked around slowly and as if she was looking for someone to appear over the hillside to her right. After a few minutes, she turned her attention to the book bag at her side and dug out a book. The soft breeze rustled her long blonde hair as she read. Every few minutes, the sound of leaves waving above her head made her look up and back to the hillside again, only to see the blades of grass swaying like an empty sea.
Nobody was coming, but she seemed to hope that any minute they would. As you can see, every aspect of the scene that the narrator reports is just an observance. The narrator cannot reveal if Melissa is waiting for someone unless it is common knowledge that she is. Also, the narrator cannot reveal how Melissa feels as she sits under that tree because that would be giving insight into Melissa's thoughts and feelings, something that is not possible in the omniscient point of view. The omniscient point of view can be tricky for writers because it is so tempting and easy to dip into a character's head.
You cannot do that with the omniscient.
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Before writing in the omniscient point of view, ask yourself a few questions. If you can answer yes to just one, the omniscient point of view is not going to work in your story. In fact, if you answered yes to any of those questions, but do not feel comfortable writing in the first person point of view either, then maybe the third person point of view is right for the story you are telling.
Writing strong paragraphs: Types of paragraphs
The third person point of view is the perfect mix of the first person and omniscient. It gives more perspective than the first person, but it also gives more intimacy than the omniscient. Take a look at the example below. Allison smoothed her dress over her hips and took a long glance at herself in the mirror. The early mornings at the gym had done her good, it seemed.
The Ultimate Guide to the 5-Paragraph Essay
Gone were the pouches of fat from her side. The feminine curves she'd been missing these past 10 years were back. She was proud of her body and even more proud of herself for committing to getting it back. Her boyfriend hated that she was so intent on looking good again. Well, maybe it wasn't the fact that she wanted to look good. It was more that her obsession with getting in shape occurred just months ahead of her class reunion.
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Their relationship hadn't been the greatest the past year. Allison knew he feared that the only reason she wanted to look sexy again was that her old flame, Mitch, would be at that reunion. He was wrong, though. Mitch had nothing to do with her weight loss. She loved her boyfriend and had hoped a new, sexy body would improve their relationship instead of driving an even deeper wedge between them. He touched her even less now than when she had an extra 50 pounds on her.
Not to mention he seemed irritated with her, and almost angry whenever they saw each other.
But, heck, that wasn't often. He always had an excuse to stay away. Melissa combed her fingers through her hair and puckered her lips at her own image. Their relationship probably wouldn't last until the reunion next month, but that was okay. She'd skip the reunion if that was the case and take that long-desired trip to see her new niece instead.
Four types of essay: expository, persuasive, analytical, argumentative
It would get her mind off being dumped. She knew her boyfriend was going to dump her. It was just a matter of when. As you can see, although the third person point of view is not as intimate and cannot portray as much insight as the first person, it does give more than the omniscient.
Using the third person point of view, you can move from character to character more easily than the first person. Unlike the omniscient, you can give more insight and more intimacy to your readers. Today, most scenes in most books are written from the third person point of view of one character. Picture a camera filming your book.
The character who is giving his or her point of view may change from one scene to the next, but it is still an outside-looking-in glimpse of what is going on, just as if a camera is filming as the scenes unfold. Although you can "look" deeper than the surface of the scene with third person as opposed to omniscient, you still cannot go as deep as you can with first person. Even so, it is the most commonly used point of view because it allows you to give different insights and different perspectives without losing all intimacy or being restricted to one perspective.
Make sure you are only giving the point of view of one character in a scene. Create a new scene to give a point of view of a different character. The problem most writers have with third person is that they do not limit the point of view to one character per scene. You must decide which character's point of view you are going to show, then only reveal what that character would hear and see.
All your descriptions, conversations, and interior monologue will be of this one character. For example, if a story revolves around a stolen book, but the character in the scene cannot see it, then do not mention that the book is there.
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